what is Infertility


Infertility affects up to 15% of couples of childbearing age worldwide. According to the World Health Organization the estimated prevalence of primary infertility in India ranges from 3.9 to 16.8%. According to the Indian Society for Assisted Reproduction, infertility currently affects approximately 10 to 14% of the Indian population, with higher rates in urban areas, where one in six couples is affected. Almost 27.5 million couples actively trying to conceive suffer from infertility in India. It is estimated that between 48 million couples and 186 million people worldwide are living with infertility.

What is Infertility? 

Infertility is a phenomenon defining the inability of the male or female reproductive system to achieve pregnancy after one year or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility may be caused by a number of factors specific to either partner or a combination of both. Infertility is a public health concern. For many couples trying to conceive, the news of infertility is often so shocking that it ultimately negatively impacts their physical, mental, social, and sexual lives.

With infertility treatment, couples get a renewed hope for starting a family. Approximately 9 out of 10 couples get pregnant after undergoing treatment. The success rates vary depending on the severity of the causes, but knowing that science has advanced to this point gives them the much-needed encouragement to keep hoping for the best.


Male Infertility

Male infertility is when a man tries to conceive with his partner but is unable to do so due to problems with ejaculation, lack of or low sperm count, poor sperm morphology, and poor sperm motility. Low testosterone levels, chronic health issues, and lifestyle choices also play a role in male infertility.


Female Infertility 

Female infertility is when a woman tries to conceive with her male partner but fails due to abnormalities in the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes and endocrine system. Female infertility can also be caused by other conditions such as diabetes, age, cancer and chronic health problems. 


What are the types of infertility?

Primary infertility 

Primary infertility is when a couple has been unable to conceive within a year after the birth control-free sexual intercourse. 

Secondary Infertility

Secondary infertility occurs when a couple has had at least one pregnancy in the past, but is now unable to conceive.


What are the symptoms of infertility? 

Symptoms of male and female infertility may vary depending on the age group, health conditions and lifestyle choices. However, one major symptom is the inability to conceive. 

Symptoms of male infertility

Male infertility can be caused by a number of underlying conditions such as hormonal imbalance, blocks in the passage, dilated veins, etc. However, here are a few symptoms one can take note of before deciding if it’s time to seek professional help:

  • Sexual Function Problems Decreased libido, insufficient ejaculatory fluid, erectile dysfunction, etc. 
  • Pain, swelling, or lumps in the testicles 
  • Recurrent respiratory infections 
  • Less facial and body hair or other signs of hormonal imbalance 
  • Extreme mood swings 
  • Abnormal breast growth or lumps in the breast (gynecomastia)


Symptoms of female infertility 

Female infertility is also due to a number of underlying conditions that need to be addressed in order to be resolved. Here are some symptoms to look out for when seeking professional help

  • Irregularities in menstrual cycles - A menstrual cycle that’s too long (35 days or more) or too short (less than 21 days)
  • Abnormal flow during periods 
  • Absence of periods
  • Painful periods - Back pain, pelvic pain, and cramping may begin
  • Hormonal imbalance - Many visible signs of hormonal imbalance like skin change, change in libido, dark hair growth on lips, chin and chest, weight gain and hair loss. 
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Milk white discharge from nipples unrelated to breastfeeding


What causes infertility? 

Infertility problems are sometimes present in both males and females at birth and sometimes develop over time. From ovulation to fertilization, each step of the process must be performed correctly for pregnancy to occur.


Causes of male infertility

Male infertility is caused by several reasons, but these four are the most important: 

Abnormal sperm production or function:

Inadequate sperm count in semen, Lack of motility and poor morphology can lead to abnormal sperm production and function Undescended testicles, genetic defects and chronic health problems can also affect sperm quality and quantity.STIs such as Chlamydia, HIV, gonorrhea and mumps are equally responsible for male infertility.  

Hormonal Imbalances 

Infertility can be caused by direct problems with the testicles, but hormonal imbalances can also affect sperm production. Reduced testosterone levels and imbalances in the pituitary, thyroid, hypothalamus and adrenal glands can lead to hormonal imbalances.

Environmental factors 

Frequent exposure to chemicals, pesticides, organic solvents, herbicides and painting materials can affect sperm production. Staying in hot temperatures for prolonged periods of time in saunas and hot tubs can also impair sperm count.  

Lifestyle and Habits 

Anabolic steroids used to increase strength and muscle growth can shrink the testicles and reduce sperm production. Long-term drinking and smoking habits can also affect testosterone levels and sperm count.


Causes of female infertility

The four factors that affect female fertility are: 

Ovulation issues 

Irregular ovulation accounts for most cases of infertility. Issues with regulation of reproductive hormones by the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland, or problems in the ovary can also lead to infertility. PCOS, hypothalamic dysfunction, and excessive prolactin can imbalance the Page 3 oestrogen levels. 

Fallopian tube damage or blockage 

Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes can block the fusion of the sperm with the egg and lead to infertility. Women with pelvic inflammatory disease due to STIs are at a higher risk of infertility. 


In endometriosis, tissues that normally grow inside the uterus start growing outside it, leading to damage and blockage in the fallopian tube. 

Uterine and cervical abnormalities 

Abnormalities with the cervix, polyps and the shape of the uterus can affect the mating process of the egg with the sperm. The presence of benign tumours in the uterine fibroids may also cause infertility by blocking the fallopian tube.


How can Lyber help you with Male Infertility?

Lyber consists of Shilajit, a widely known ayurveda herb for its role in treating male infertility in combination with Flax seed, that supplies blood to the reproductive organs to increase sperm formation, and Lycopene, a carotenoid that provides the antioxidant effect that help in overall protection against harmful substances, free radicals.

This powerful combination helps in boosting the testosterone levels to normal and thus help in improving male infertility.

Couples who wish to start a family but are affected by male infertility can benefit the most from Lyber. It is meant to improve sperm concentration, motility and morphology. It is also effective in increasing testosterone levels, which in turn improves stamina, vigour, energy levels and strength.


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